# 15^{th} ESAFORM CONFERENCE

## Proceedings

A limited remaining number of printed proceedings is still available at ours. The 2 volumes containing all contribution with a total of more than 1.400 pages can be bought at ours as long as they are available. The cost is **120,- €** plus shipping and handling.

**Table of Contents**

## Part 1 |
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Keynotes |
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Friction Based Solid State Welding Processes | L. Fratini, G. Buffa and D. la Spisa | 3 |

Formability of Metallic Materials |
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Determination of Forming Limit Strains Using Marciniak-Kuczynski Tests and Automated Digital Image Correlation Procedures | D. Vysochinskiy, T. Coudert, A. Reyes and O.G. Lademo | 17 |

Analysis of the Anisotropic Behavior and of the Formability Aptitude for an AA2024 Alloy Using the Channel Die Compression Test and the Simple Tension Test | S.Y. Zhang, H. Francillette and A. Gavrus | 23 |

On the Improvement of Formability and the Prediction of Forming Limit Diagrams at Fracture by Means of Constitutive Modelling | Y. Kiliclar, M. Engelhardt, I.N. Vladimirov, M.P. Pietryga, H. von Senden genannt Haverkamp, S. Reese and F.W. Bach | 29 |

Plastic Instability Based on Bifurcation Analysis: Effect of Hardening and Gurson Damage Parameters on Strain Localization | L.Z. Mansouri, H. Chalal, F. Abed-Meraim and T. Balan | 35 |

Modelling of Strain Hardening Behaviour of Sheet Metals for Stochastic Simulations | F. Quetting, P. Hora and K. Roll | 41 |

Identification of Process-Based Limit Stress States Applying a Stretch-Bending-Test | C. Hezler, M. Merklein, J. Hecht and B. Griesbach | 47 |

Determination of Flow Curves under Equibiaxial Stress Conditions | J. Mulder, H. Vegter, J.J. Ha and A.H. van den Boogaard | 53 |

Biaxial Tensile Test of High Strength Steel Sheet for Large Plastic Strain Range | T. Hakoyama and T. Kuwabara | 59 |

Using Cross Stamping to Test Zinc Sheets Formability | Y. Jansen, R. Logé, M. Milesi, S. Manov and E. Massoni | 65 |

Influence of Different Pre-Stretching Modes on the Forming Limit Diagram of AA6014 | A. Werber, M. Liewald, W. Nester, M. Grünbaum, K. Wiegand, J. Simon, J. Timm, C. Bassi and W. Hotz | 71 |

Effect of the Constitutive Law on the Accuracy of Prediction of the Forming Limit Curves | L. Paraianu, D.S. Comşa, I. Nicodim, I. Ciobanu and D. Banabic | 77 |

Evolution of Roughness on Straining of Interstitial Free – IF Steel Sheet | R.K. Unfer and J.D. Bressan | 83 |

Anisotropic Plastic Behavior of TRIP 780 Steel Sheet in Hole Expansion Test | S. Panich, V. Uthaisangsuk, S. Suranuntchai and S. Jirathearanat | 89 |

Study of True Stress-Strain Curve after Necking for Application in Ductile Fracture Criteria in Tube Hydroforming of Aerospace Material | M. Saboori, H. Champliaud, J. Ghoulipor, A. Gakwaya, J. Savoie and P. Wanjara | 95 |

Failure Prediction in Sheet Metal Forming Depending in Pre-Straining and Bending Superposition | R. Denninger, M. Liewald and M. Sindel | 101 |

A Procedure for the Evaluation of Flow Stress of Sheet Metal by Hydraulic Bulge Test Using Elliptical Dies | L. Lăzărescu, I.P. Nicodim, D.S. Comşa and D. Banabic | 107 |

Methodology to Produce Locally Heat-Treated EN AW-5182 Aluminum Alloy Sheet Metal Parts | A.M. Sulzberger, M. Merklein, W. Staufner and D. Wortberg | 113 |

Laser Beam Structured Sheets – A New Potential for Sheet Metal Forming | R. Neugebauer and M. Ahnert | 119 |

Elasto-Plastic Models with Continuously Distributed Dislocations and Disclinations | S. Cleja-Tigoiu | 125 |

Failure Evaluation of Spot Welds for Advanced High Strength Steel Sheets | W. Noh, D.H. Yoo, Y.W. Koh, K.S. Chung and X. Yang | 131 |

Processing of New Solar Absorbers in Steel Design Based on Partially Cold Roll Bonded Hybrid Semi-Finished Parts | F. Steinbach, L. Koch, M. Hermann, J. Witulski and A.E. Tekkaya | 137 |

Increase the Deformability of NiCo Single Crystals Using of Electrical Pulse-Like Currents | G. Gerstein, M. Nowak, M. Bierbaum, T. Zhuravina, M. Schaper and F.W. Bach | 143 |

Forging and Rolling |
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EcoForge: Resource-Efficient Process Chains for High Performance Parts | B.A. Behrens, W. Bleck, F.W. Bach, E. Brinksmeier, U. Fritsching, M. Liewald and H.W. Zoch | 151 |

Computer Aided Design of Manufacturing of Fasteners - Selection of the Best Production Chain | M. Skóra, S. Weglarczyk, J. Kusiak and M. Pietrzyk | 157 |

Numerical and Experimental Investigations on the Service Life Estimation for Hot-Forging Dies | B.A. Behrens, A. Bouguecha, T. Hadifi and A. Klassen | 163 |

Microstructural Behaviour in Rotary Forging of Inconel 718 | Á. Mangas, M. Santos, J. San José, G. Atxaga and O. Adarraga | 169 |

Compound Forging of Hybrid Powder-Solid-Parts Made of Steel and Aluminum | B.A. Behrens, K.G. Kosch, C. Frischkorn, N. Vahed and A. Huskic | 175 |

Hydroforging of Thick-Walled Hollow Aluminum Profiles | K. Müller, M. Stonis, M. Lücke and B.A. Behrens | 181 |

Evolution of Microstructure during the Shape Rolling Modeled by Cellular Automata | Ł. Łach and D.S. Svyetlichnyy | 187 |

Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of Process-Integrated Powder Coating by Means >of Hot Rolling | >R. Kebriaei, J. Frischkorn, S. Reese, H. Moll, W. Theisen, T. Husmann and H. Meier | 193 |

Scale Behaviour and Deformation Properties of Oxide Scale during Hot Rolling of Steel | M. Graf and R. Kawalla | 199 |

Cross Wedge Rolling of Preforms for Crankshafts | M. Meyer, M. Stonis and B.A. Behrens | 205 |

Composites Forming Processes |
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A Simple Discrete Method for the Simulation of the Preforming of Woven Fabric Reinforcement | W. Najjar, X. Legrand, C. Pupin, P. Dalsanto and S. Boude | 213 |

Analysis of Non-Crimp Fabric Composite Reinforcements Forming | S. Bel, N. Hamila and P. Boisse | 219 |

Characterization and Finite Element Modeling of Unidirectional Non-Crimp Fabric for Composite Manufacturing | A. Petrov, J. Sherwood and K. Fetfatsidis | 225 |

Complex Shape Forming of Flax Based Woven Fabrics - Analysis of the Yarn Tensile Strain during the Process | P. Ouagne, D. Soulat, C. Tephany, J. Moothoo, S. Allaoui, G. Hivet and D. Duriatti | 231 |

Forming of Thermoplastic Composites | S.P. Haanappel, U. Sachs, R.H.W. ten Thije, B. Rietman and R. Akkerman | 237 |

Intraply Shearing Characterization of Thermoplastic Composite Materials in Thermoforming Processes | P. Wang, N. Hamila and P. Boisse | 243 |

Simulating the Manufacturing Process and Subsequent Structural Stiffness of Composite Wind Turbine Blades with and without Defects | K.A. Fetfatsidis, C. Mitchell, J.A. Sherwood, E. Harvey and P. Avitabile | 249 |

Tow-Scale Mechanics for Composite Forming Simulations | P. Potluri, R. Ramgulam, M. Chilo and H. Arshad | 255 |

3D Interlock Composite Preforming Simulation | J.G. Orliac, A. Charmetant, F. Morestin, P. Boisse and S. Otin | 261 |

3D Hyperelastic Constitutive Model for Yarn Behaviour Description | A. Charmetant, E. Vidal-Salle and P. Boisse | 267 |

Compression Behaviour of Steel Fibre Knitted Fabrics | F. Hanot, K. Vanclooster and S.V. Lomov | 273 |

Experimental Characterization and Modeling of Bending Properties of Woven Fibrous Preforms | E. Syerko, S. Comas-Cardona and C. Binetruy | 277 |

First Steps on the Modeling and Simulation of Thermoplastic/Thermoset Phase Separation | H. Lamari, A. Ammar, A. Leygue and F. Chinesta | 283 |

Flow Monitoring and Permeability Measurements in LCM Processes by the Means of a Dielectric Sensor | P. Carlone and G.S. Palazzo | 289 |

Manufacturing Processes for Combined Forming of Multi-Material Structures Consisting of Sheet Metal and Local CFRP Reinforcements |
H.C. Schmidt, U. Damerow, C. Lauter, B. Gorny, F. Hankeln, W. Homberg, T. Troester, H.J. Maier and R. Mahnken | 29 |

Forming Simulation Sensitivity Study of the Double-Dome Benchmark Geometry | B. Rietman, S.P. Haanappel, R.H.W. ten Thije and R. Akkerman | 301 |

A Friction-Test Benchmark with Twintex PP | U. Sachs, K. Fetfatsidis, J. Schumacher, G. Ziegmann, S. Allaoui, G. Hivet, E. Vidal-Salle and R. Akkerman | 307 |

Analyze of the Contact Behaviour between Two Layers of Dry Glass Plain Weave Fabric | S. Allaoui, G. Hivet and P. Ouagne | 313 |

Friction Measurement on Dry Fabric for Forming Simulation of Composite Reinforcement | E. Vidal-Salle and F. Massi | 319 |

Tow Mechanics: A Contact Mechanics Approach of Friction in Fibrous Tows during Forming | B. Cornelissen, B. Rietman, M.B. de Rooij and R. Akkerman | 325 |

Semi-Solid Processes |
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The Influence of Particle Size on Viscosity in Thixo Material | S. Harboe and M. Modigell | 333 |

Production of Aluminium Matrix Nanocomposite Feedstock for Thixoforming by >an Ultrasonic Method | S. Kandemir, A. Yalamanchili and H.V. Atkinson | 339 |

Effect of Experimental Conditions on 7075 Aluminium Response during Thixoextrusion | A. Neag, V. Favier, M. Pop, E. Becker and R. Bigot | 345 |

Thermal Simulation of Laser Surface Modification of H13 Die Steel | S.A. Syarifah Nur Aqida, S. Naher and D. Brabazon | 351 |

Thixo Lateral Forging of a Commercial Automotive Spindle from LTT45 Steel Grade | J. Lozares, Z. Azpilgain, I. Hurtado, R. Ortubay and S. Berrocal | 357 |

Considerations on the Reliability of Advanced Squeeze Casting Process | M. Rosso and I. Peter | 361 |

Light Weight Design and Energy Efficiency in Metal Forming |
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Lightweight Construction by Means of Profiles | S. Chatti, D. Pietzka, N. Ben Khalifa, A. Jäger, A. Selvaggio and A.E. Tekkaya | 369 |

Tailored Heat Treated Profiles - Enhancement of the Forming Limit of Aluminum Profiles under Bending Load | M. Merklein, M. Lechner, T. Schneider and R. Plettke | 375 |

Cold Backward Extrusion of Titanium Billet with Pulsating Lubricant Supply on Servo Press | R. Matsumoto, S. Sawa and H. Utsunomiya | 381 |

Influence of Processing Parameters on Bonding Conditions in Backward Extrusion Forged Bonding | Y. Yoshida, T. Matsubara, K. Yasui, T. Ishikawa and T. Suganuma | 387 |

Analytic Prediction of the Process Parameters for Form-Fit Joining by Die-Less Hydroforming | S. Gies, C. Weddeling, M. Marré, L. Kwiatkowski and A.E. Tekkaya | 393 |

Analytical and Numerical Approaches to Predict the Flow Characteristics of a Magnetorheological Fluid in Rotational Symmetric Cross Sections | S. Rösel, M. Merklein and M. Grüner | 399 |

Observation of Welded Interface of SPCC/A1100-O Tailored Blanks Made by Butt Laser Welding | T. Iizuka and R. Itani | 405 |

New and Advanced Numerical Strategies for Material Forming |
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2D Meshless Solution of Elastoplastic with Damage Problem | Z. Sendi, C. Labergère, K. Saanouni and H. Belhadjsalah | 413 |

Analysis of Plastic Flow during Friction Stir Spot Welding Using Finite Element Modelling | Z. Gao, F. Krumphals, P. Sherstnev, N. Enzinger, J.T. Niu and C. Sommitsch | 419 |

Explicit Simulation of Forming Processes Using a Novel Solid-Shell Concept Based on Reduced Integration | M. Pagani, S. Reese and U. Perego | 425 |

Free Surface Modeling of Contacting Solid Metal Flows Employing the ALE Formulation | A.A. van der Stelt, T.C. Bor, H.J.M. Geijselaers, R. Akkerman and J. Huétink | 431 |

Improvement on CAE Model for Accurate Torsional Springback Prediction in High Strength Steel Part Forming | >A. Ishiwatari, H. Kano, J. Hiramoto and T. Inazumi | 437 |

Modeling Induced Flow Anisotropy and Phase Transformations in Air Hardening Steels | C. Barthel, B. Klusemann, R. Denzer, T. Clausmeyer and B. Svendsen | 443 |

Numerical Modelling and Experimental Study of Sandwich Shells with Metal Foam Cores | H. Mata, R. Natal Jorge, A.D. Santos, M.P.L. Parente, R.A.F. Valente and A.A. Fernandes | 449 |

Remapping Method for Transferring Data between Two Meshes Using a Modified Iterative SPR Approach for Parallel Resolution | S. Kumar and L. Fourment | 455 |

A First Approach Toward a Proper Generalized Decomposition Based Time Parallelization | F. Poulhaon, F. Chinesta and A. Leygue | 461 |

Real Time Simulation of Non-Linear Solids by PGD Techniques | S. Niroomandi, D. Gonzalez, I. Alfaro, F. Bordeu, A. Leygue, E. Cueto and F. Chinesta | 467 |

Extrusion and Drawing |
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An Investigation of the Material Flow in a Screw Extruder of Aluminium Using Contrast Material | F. Widerøe and T. Welo | 475 |

Manufacturing of Steel-Reinforced Aluminum Products by Combining Hot Extrusion and Closed-Die Forging | A. Foydl, I. Pfeiffer, M. Kammler, D. Pietzka, T. Matthias, A. Jäger, A.E. Tekkaya and B.A. Behrens | 481 |

Effect of Process Parameters on Seam Weld Quality of ZM21 Tubes | A. Segatori, B. Reggiani, L. Donati, T. Pinter, Y. Rami and L. Tomesani | 487 |

Metal Flow in Two-Hole Extrusion of Al-Alloys Studied by FEA with Experiments | J. Kandis and H. Valberg | 493 |

Constitutive Equations for Finite Element Simulation | C. Bruni and M. El Mehtedi | 499 |

The Model for Coupled Simulation of Thin Profile Extrusion | >N. Biba, S. Stebunov and A. Lishny | 505 |

Comparison between FEM Simulations and Analytical Calculations of Required Force for Al Extrusion | S. Torabzadeh Khorasani and H. Valberg | 511 |

Numerical Approach for the Evaluation of Seam Welding Criteria in Extrusion Processes | M. Schwane, T. Kloppenborg, A. Reeb, N. Ben Khalifa, A. Brosius, K.A. Weidenmann and A.E. Tekkaya | 517 |

Effect of Porthole Design and Welding Chamber Dimensions on Material Flow and Weld Deformability of Extruded Aluminium Profiles | L. Donati, N. Ben Khalifa, L. Tomesani and A.E. Tekkaya | 523 |

On the Fundamental Mechanism of Seam Welding in Extrusion of Aluminum Alloys | H. Valberg and Y.A. Khan | 529 |

Friction and Wear in Material Processing |
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Frictional Behaviour of Environmentally Friendly Lubricants for Sheet Metal Forming Processes | F. Sgarabotto and A. Ghiotti | 537 |

Tribological Behaviour of PVD Coatings for Sheet Metal Forming Tools: Laboratory and Industrial Evaluation | F. Sgarabotto and A. Ghiotti | 543 |

Velocity Gradients and the Evolution of Material Properties in a Narrow Layer near Surfaces of High Friction in Metal Forming Processes | S. Alexandrov and Y.R. Jeng | 549 |

Sliding Wear Behaviour of Al-7075 Based Metal Matrix Composite: Effect of Processing Parameters | R. Dasgupta, S. Das and A.K. Jha | 555 |

Tribological Performances of Two White Lubricants in Hot Steel Forging | A. Dubois, M. Dubar, L. Dubar and B. Tlili | 561 |

Nano-Structured Materials and Microforming |
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New SPD Process of Incremental Angular Splitting | A. Rosochowski, M. Rosochowska and L. Olejnik | 569 |

Formability of Ultrafine-Grained AA6016 Sheets Processed by Accumulative Roll Bonding | T. Hausöl, C.W. Schmidt, V. Maier, W. Böhm, H. Nguyen, M. Merklein, H.W. Höppel and M. Göken | 575 |

Benchmarking of Direct and Indirect Friction Tests in Micro Forming | R.S. Eriksen, M. Calaon, M. Arentoft and N. Bay | 581 |

Experimental Study of a Full Forward Extrusion Process from Metal Strip | M. Merklein, T. Stellin and U. Engel | 587 |

Influence of Punch Velocity on Spring Back in Micro Forming | H. Wielage, Z.Y. Hu and F. Vollertsen | 593 |

Dynamic Characteristics of a Micro-Sheet-Forming Machine System | Y. Qin, A.R. Razali, M. Zhou, J. Zhao, C. Harrison and W.A. Wan Nawang | 599 |

Inverse Analysis Optimization and Stochastic Approaches |
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A Comparison between Three Meta-Modeling Optimization Approaches to Design a Tube Hydroforming Process | G. Ingarao, L. Marretta and R. Di Lorenzo | 607 |

Optimization of Forging Preforms by Using Pseudo Inverse Approach | A. Halouani, Y.M. Li, B. Abbès, Y.Q. Guo, F.J. Meng, C. Labergère and P. Lafon | 613 |

Towards Inverse Form Finding Methods for a Deep Drawing Steel DC04 | S. Germain and P. Steinmann | 619 |

Optimization of Pre-Stressed Press Frames | M. Strano, M. Monno and A. Rossi | 625 |

Statistical Analysis of Forming Processes as a First Step in a Process-Chain Analysis: Novel PRO-CHAIN Components | D. Steffes-Lai and T. Clees | 631 |

Cazacu and Barlat Criterion Identification Using the Cylindrical Cup Deep Drawing Test and the Coupled Artificial Neural Networks – Genetic Algorithm Method | H. Aguir, J.L. Alves, M.C. Oliveira, L.F. Menezes and H. BelHadjSalah | 637 |

AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Parameters Identification through Inverse Analysis at 713 K | G. Gillo | 643 |

Constitutive Models for Metallic Alloys (Multiscale & Continuum) |
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Prediction of Texture Evolution in Rolled Sheet Metals by Using Homogenization Schemes | K. Jöchen and T. Böhlke | 649 |

Texture Based Finite Element Simulation of a Two-Step Can Forming Process | V. Glavas, T. Böhlke, D. Daniel and C. Leppin | 655 |

Evaluation of Associated and Non-Associated Flow Metal Plasticity; Application for DC06 Deep Drawing Steel | M. Safaei, W. De Waele and S.L. Zang | 661 |

Unconditionally Convex Yield Functions for Sheet Metal Forming Based on Linear Stress | Deviator Transformation H. Aretz and F. Barlat |
667 |

Compartmentalized Model for the Mechanical Behavior of Titanium | L. Tabourot, P. Balland, J. Raujol-Veillé, M. Vautrot, C. Déprés and F. Toussaint | 673 |

On the Modeling of Evolving Elastic and Plastic Anisotropy in the Finite Strain Regime – Application to Deep Drawing Processes | I.N. Vladimirov, M.P. Pietryga, V. Tini and S. Reese | 679 |

Assessment of Distinct Algorithmic Strategies in the Implementation of Complex Anisotropic Yield Criteria | T.J. Grilo, R.A.F. Valente and R.J.A. de Sousa | 685 |

Implementation and Validation of a Gurson Damage Model Modified for Shear Loading: Effect of Void Growth Rate and Mesh Size on the Predicted Behavior | M. Achouri, G. Germain, P. Dal Santo and D. Saidane | 691 |

Constitutive Equation for Description of Metallic Materials Behavior during Static and Dynamic Loadings Taking into Account Important Gradients of Plastic Deformation | A. Gavrus | 697 |

Identification of the Plastic Behaviour in the Post-Necking Regime Using a Three Dimensional Reconstruction Technique | M. Rossi and P. Fabrice | 703 |

Innovative Joining by Forming Technologies |
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Laser Heat Treatment Effects on Roller Hemming in Aluminum Alloys | T. Kleeh, M. Merklein and K. Roll | 711 |

Superplastic Forming/Diffusion Bonding of a Titanium Alloy for the Realization of an Aircraft Structural Component in Multi-Sheets Configuration |
L. Carrino, V. Paradiso, S. Franchitti, A. Squillace and S. Russo | 717 |

Smart Components through Rotary Swaging | M. Brenneis and P. Groche | 723 |

Study of Wavy Interface in Electromagnetic Welds | S. Kore, P.N. Vinod, S. Kumar and M.R. Kulkarni | 729 |

Process Mechanics in Friction Stir Welding of Magnesium Alloys: Experimental and Numerical Analysis | G. Buffa, L. Fratini, T. Gnibl, M. Wieland and M. Merklein | 735 |

Investigation of Vibration Assisted Friction Stir Welding H. Montazerolghaem, M. Badrossamay and A. Fadaei Tehrani | 741 | |

Experimental and Numerical Analysis on FSWed Magnesium Alloy Thin Sheets Obtained Using “Pin” and “Pinless” Tool | G. Buffa, A. Forcellese, L. Fratini and M. Simoncini | 747 |

Experimental Analysis of the Influence of Process Parameters on Residual Stress in AA2024-T3 Friction Stir Welds |
P. Carlone and G.S. Palazzo | 753 |

Quality Analysis of Friction Stir Welded Butt Joints by Means of Experiments and Simulations | G. D'Urso, M. Longo, C. Giardini and E. Ceretti | 759 |

Extension of a Failure Criterion for Hemming Applications in the FEM Simulation | M. Zubeil, K. Roll and M. Merklein | 765 |

Numerical and Experimental Studies on the Clinch-Bonding and Riv-Bonding Process | R. Neugebauer, M. Israel, B. Mayer and H. Fricke | 771 |

Simulation of Hybrid Joining Technologies Using the Example of Clinch-Bonding | S. Etemadi, O. Hahn and K. Roll | 777 |

A New Clinching Process Especially for Thin Metal Sheets and Foils | B.A. Behrens, A. Bouguecha, C.P. Eckold and I. Peshekhodov | 783 |

Incremental and Sheet Metal Forming |
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Investigation of Thick Sheet AHSS Springback in Combined Bending under Tension | H. Chalal, S. Racz and T. Balan | 791 |

Comparison of Bending of Automotive Steels in Roll Forming and in a V-Die | M. Weiss, J. Marnette, P. Wolfram, J. Larrañaga and P. Hodgson | 797 |

Bending Testing Rig Development through CAE Tools Application | A. del Prete, G. Papadia and T. Primo | 803 |

An Analytical Method for Prediction of Cross-Sectional Deformations in Stretch Bending | T. Welo | 809 |

Warm Incremental Forming of Magnesium Alloys Using Hot Fluid as Heating Media | L. Galdos, E.S. de Argandoña, I. Ulacia and G. Arruebarrena | 815 |

Towards Energy Efficiency in Incremental Forming of Titanium | G. Ambrogio, F. Gagliardi, L. Filice and O. Aghinelli | 821 |

In-Process Hardening in Laser Supported Incremental Sheet Metal Forming | A. Mohammadi, H. Vanhove, A.K. Behera, A. Van Bael and J.R. Duflou | 827 |

An Upper-Bound Prediction of Tangential Force in Single Point Incremental Forming | M.J. Mirnia and B. Mollaei Dariani | 833 |

Flexible Tooling System Using Reconfigurable Multi-Point Thermoforming Technology for Manufacturing Freeform Panels | S.Z. Su, M.Z. Li, C.G. Liu, C.Q. Ji, R. Setchi, J. Larkiola, I. Panteleev, I. Stead and R. Lopez | 839 |

Viscoplastic Regularization of Local Damage Models: A Latent Solution | M.S. Niazi, H.H. Wisselink and T. Meinders | 845 |

Any Effect of Processing History on Precipitation Hardening of Metastable Austenitic Stainless Steels | S. Saha, K. Datta, M.K. Mitra, L.E. Lindgren and J. Post | 851 |

Optimizing Roll Forming Processes with the Aid of a New Numerical Algorithm | A. Abrass, T. Kessler and P. Groche | 857 |

Preliminary Studies on the Determination of FLD for Single Point Incremental Sheet Metal Forming | M. Tisza, P.Z. Kovács and Z. Lukács | 863 |

An Integrated Approach to Accurate Part Manufacture in Single Point Incremental Forming Using Feature Based Graph Topology | A.K. Behera, B. Lauwers and J.R. Duflou | 869 |

Integrated Process Design for Two Robots Based Incremental Sheet Metal Forming | D. Kreimeier, J.H. Zhu and R. Laurischkat | 877 |

FlexDie: A Flexible Tooling-Concept for Incremental Sheet Forming | G. Sebastiani, A. Wawrosch, V. Franzen, A. Brosius and A.E. Tekkaya | 883 |

Ludwik’s Model Parameter Identification for V-Bending Simulations with Ti64 and MS1200 | J. Mendiguren, L. Galdos, E.S. de Argandoña and E. Silvestre | 889 |

Methodology for the Analysis of the Process Behaviour of Advanced High Strength Steels in Bending and Shearing Operations | I. Tsoupis, S. Hildering and M. Merklein | 895 |

Influence of Predetermined Surface Defect to the Bendability of Ultra-High-Strength Steel | A. Määttä, A. Järvenpää, M. Jaskari, K. Mäntyjärvi and J.A. Karjalainen | 901 |

A Self-Correcting Approach for the Bending of Metal Parts | U. Damerow, M. Borzykh, W. Homberg and A. Trächtler | 907 |

Evaluation of the Enhanced Assumed Strain and Assumed Natural Strain in the SSH3D and RESS3 Solid Shell Elements for Single Point Incremental Forming Simulation | C.F. Guzmán, A. Ben Bettaieb, J.I.V. de Sena, R.A. de Sousa, A.M. Habraken and L. Duchêne | 913 |

Influence of Material Properties on Accuracy Response Surfaces in Single Point Incremental Forming A.K. Behera, J. Gu, B. Lauwers and J.R. Duflou | 919 | |

A New Tool Concept for Rotary Peen Forming with Defined Impact Positions | C. Russig, M. Bambach and G. Hirt | 925 |

Incremental Forming of Sandwich Materials | L. Galdos, E.S. de Argandoña, N. Otegi and R. Ortubay | 931 |

Punch Radius Influence on “Large Size” Hydroformed Components | G. Papadia, A. del Prete and A. Spagnolo | 937 |

Experimental and Numerical Investigation on the Formability of Clad Sheets Copper/Stainless Steel 304L in Spinning Process | A. Rezaei Shahreza, F. Dehghani and M. Salimi | 943 |

Development of Boss Forming Simulation Technologies with a Rotary Tool | Y. Kobayashi, S. Takahashi, E. Yukutake and S. Negishi | 949 |

Warm Deep Drawability of Peak-Aged 7075 Aluminium Sheet Alloy | N. Sotirov, P. Simon, C. Chimani, D. Uffelmann and C. Melzer | 955 |

Sheet-Bulk-Metal Forming |
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Acquisition of Heuristic Knowledge for the Prediction of the Frictional Behavior of Surface | Structures Created by Self-Excited Tool Vibrations T. Breitsprecher, R. Hense, F. Hauer, S. Wartzack, D. Biermann and K. Willner | 963 |

Amorphous Carbon Coatings for Locally Adjusted Tribological Properties in Sheet Bulk Metal Forming | H. Hetzner, S. Tremmel and S. Wartzack | 969 |

Improved Tool Surfaces for Incremental Bulk Forming Processes of Sheet Metals | P. Sieczkarek, L. Kwiatkowski, A.E. Tekkaya, E. Krebs, D. Biermann, W. Tillmann and J. Herper | 975 |

The Load-Scanning Test – Evaluation of a Universal Tribological Model Test in View of Sheet Bulk Metal Forming | H. Hetzner, S. Tremmel and S. Wartzack | 981 |

Goal Oriented Error Control for Frictional Contact Problems in Metal Forming | H. Blum, A. Rademacher and A. Schröder | 987 |

Material Model Identification for DC04 Based on the Numerical Modelling of the Polycrystalline Microstructure and Experimental Data | E. Lehmann, S. Schmaltz, S. Germain, D. Faßmann, C. Weber, S. Löhnert, M. Schaper, F.W. Bach, P. Steinmann, K. Willner and P. Wriggers | 993 |

Process-Machine Interaction in Sheet-Bulk Metal Forming | B.A. Behrens, R. Krimm and V. Salfeld | 999 |

Holistic Measurement in the Sheet-Bulk Metal Forming Process with Fringe Projection | C. Ohrt, W. Hartmann, J. Weickmann, M. Kästner, A. Weckenmann, T. Hausotte and E. Reithmeier | 1005 |

Maturity Model for the Development of New Forming Processes Applied to the Sheet-Bulk Metal Forming | A. Weckenmann and G. Akkasoglu | 1011 |

Temperature Control during the APN-Process on the Steel 1.3343 | Y. Lizunkova, S. Burov, T. Hassel, M.S. Bierbaum and F.W. Bach | 1017 |

Manufacturing of Sheet Metal Components with Variants Using Process Adapted Semi-Finished Products | M. Merklein, R. Plettke, T. Schneider, S. Opel and D. Vipavc | 1023 |

Material Characterization for Sheet-Bulk Metal Forming | B.A. Behrens, K. Voges-Schwieger, A. Bouguecha, J. Mielke and M. Vucetic | 1029 |

Material Flow in Sheet-Bulk Metal Forming | >U. Vierzigmann, J. Koch, M. Merklein and U. Engel | 1035 |

Heat Transfer Modelling |
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Analysis of Roll Gap Heat Transfers in Hot Steel Strip Rolling through Roll Temperature Sensors and Heat Transfer Models | N. Legrand, N. Labbe, D. Weisz-Patrault, A. Ehrlacher, T. Luks and J. Horsky | 1043 |

Cooling of a Rotating Cylinder by a Subcooled Planar Jet - Influence of the Surface Velocity on Boiling Regime | S. Devynck, M. Gradeck, J.P. Bellot, S. Denis, M. Varlez and T. Benard | 1049 |

Implementation of the Axially Symmetrical and Three Dimensional Finite Element Models to the Determination of the Heat Transfer Coefficient Distribution on the Hot Plate Surface Cooled by the Water Spray Nozzle | Z. Malinowski, T. Telejko, B. Hadala and A. Cebo-Rudnicka | 1055 |

Determination of Heat Repartition Parameters on High Speed Pin-on-Disc Tribometer by Inverse Heat Conduction Method | D. Meresse, M. Watremez, S. Harmand and L. Dubar | 1061 |

Comparisons of Numerical Modelling of the Selective Laser Melting | L. Van Belle, G. Vansteenkiste and J.C. Boyer | 1067 |

New Technique to Model the Effect of Intermediate Induction Heat Treatment (IIHT) in Pre-Strained Aluminium Sheets | R. Govindarajan, M. Zubeil, K. Siefert, T. Kleeh, D. Lorenz, T. Borrvall and C. Ageorges | 1073 |

Metallurgical Model Fitted to Experimental Data Using a Genetic Algorithm | A. Blaise, B. Bourouga and C. Dessain | 1079 |

Optimization of the Incident IR Heat Flux upon a 3D Geometry Composite Part (Carbon/Epoxy) | S. Nakouzi, F. Berthet, D. Delaunay, Y. Le Maoult, F. Schmidt and V. Sobotka | 1085 |

Experimental Determination and Modeling of Thermal Conductivity Tensor of >Carbon/Epoxy Composite | D. Lecointe, M. Villière, S. Nakouzi, V. Sobotka, N. Boyard, F. Schmidt and D. Delaunay | 1091 |

Structures, Properties and Processing of Polymers |
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Stretch Blow Moulding of Mineral Filled PET | N. Billon, J.M. Haudin, C. Vallot and C. Babin | 1099 |

Measurement & Modelling of Slip during Plug-Assisted Thermoforming< | P. Martin, H.L. Choo and C.P.J. O'Connor | 1105 |

Mechanical Analysis and Simulation of the Thermoforming Process of Thin Polymer Sheets | D. Ahmad, N. Hamila, K. Lamnawar and P. Boisse | 1111 |

The Effect of Temperature, Strain Rate and Strain on the Induced Mechanical Properties of Biaxially Stretched PET |
G.H. Menary, C.W. Tan and C.G. Armstrong | 1117 |

Mechanical Behavior of Highly-Flexible Elastomeric Composites with Knitted-Fabric Reinforcement | B. Bekisli, J. Pancrace and H.F. Nied | 1123 |

Measurement and Modelling of Chemical Shrinkage of Thermoset Composites | Y. Nawab, N. Boyard, V. Sobotka, P. Casari and F. Jacquemin | 1129 |

The Effect of Thermoforming of PLA-PHBV Films on the Morphology and Gas Barrier Properties | A. Guinault, A.S. Nguyen, G. Miquelard-Garnier, D. Jouannet, A. Grandmontagne and C. Sollogoub | 1135 |

Numerical Simulation of the Viscohyperelastic Behaviour of PET near the Glass ransition Temperature | >Y.M. Luo, L. Chevalier and E. Monteiro | 1139 |

Shape Evolution of Carbon Epoxy Laminated Composite during Curing | Y. Nawab, F. Jacquemin, P. Casari, N. Boyard and V. Sobotka | 1145 |

Structure of Polymer – Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Composites | A. Adamne Major and K. Belina | 1151 |

Non-Conventional Processes |
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Development of a Process Evaluation System for Wire-EDM Applications Using an Intelligent Process Monitoring Tool | F. Klocke, M. Schwade and A. Klink | 1159 |

Wire-EDM of ZTA-TiC Composites with Variable Content of Electrically Conductive Phase | R. Landfried, F. Kern, W. Burger, W. Leonhardt and R. Gadow | 1165 |

Analysis of Surface Reaction Mechanisms on Electrically Non-Conductive Zirconia, Occurring within the Spark Erosion Process Chain | T. Hösel, C. Müller and H. Reinecke | 1171 |

Developments in Wire-EDM for the Manufacturing of Fir Tree Slots in Turbine Discs Made of Inconel 718 | F. Klocke, D. Welling, J. Dieckmann, D. Veselovac and R. Perez | 1177 |

Study on Single-Pulse Discharges under Special Flushing Conditions | M. Munz, D. Sternkopf and R. Haas | 1183 |

Electrode Tool Wear at Electrical Discharge Machining | L. Slătineanu, H.P. Schulze, O. Dodun, M. Coteaţă, L. Gherman and I. Grigoraş (Beşliu) | 1189 |

Applications of the Electro-Contact-Discharge Machining (ECoDM) and the Analysis of Different Process Parts | H.P. Schulze | 1195 |

Fully Coupled Numerical Simulation of Electromagnetic Forming | J.K. Doley and S.D. Kore | 1201 |

Effects of the Laser Beam Interaction with the Workpiece Material | M. Coteaţă, L. Slătineanu, I. Grigoraş (Beşliu) and N. Pop | 1207 |

Microstructural Modification of Laser-Bent Open-Cell Aluminum Foams L. Santo, D. Bellisario, L. Rovatti and F. Quadrini | 1213 | |

Numerical Simulation of Open-Cell Aluminum Foams under Compression | F. Quadrini, D. Bellisario, D. Ferrari and L. Santo | 1219 |

Research on Unconventional Methods of Cylindrical Micro-Parts Shaping | S. Skoczypiec, M. Grabowski and A. Ruszaj | 1225 |

Characterization of Friction Modified Processing – A Novel Tool for Enhancing Surface Properties in Cast Aluminium Alloys | M.S. Węglowski, A. Pietras, S. Dymek and C. Hamilton | 1231 |

Technological and Economical Capabilities of Manufacturing Titanium- and Nickel-Based Alloys via Electrochemical Machining (ECM) |
F. Klocke, M. Zeis and A. Klink | 1237 |

Single Roll Caster Equipped with a Scraper | T. Haga, K. Akitsu, K. Kamakura, S. Kumai and H. Watari | 1243 |

Roll Forming Set-Up Influence in the Forming Forces and Profile Quality | E.S. de Argandoña, J. Larrañaga, A. Legarda and L. Galdos | 1249 |

Forming Limits for Shrink Flanges of Rubber Formed Parts | J. Sinke | 1255 |

Displacement Behavior of Wood in Boss Forming Using Open-Die Wood Forging | S. Kajikawa, T. Iizuka and K. Yamaishi | 1261 |

Machining and Cutting |
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Dynamic Simulation of the Micro-Milling Process Including Minimum Chip Thickness and Size Effect | F. Ducobu, E. Rivière-Lorphèvre and E. Filippi | 1269 |

Experimental and Numerical Determination of Cutting Forces and Temperatures in Gear Hobbing | S. Stark, M. Beutner, F. Lorenz, T. Lampke, B. Karpuschewski and T. Halle | 1275 |

Material Parameter Identification from Machining Simulations Using Inverse Techniques | A. Shrot and M. Bäker | 1281 |

Hardness-Based Flow Stress for Numerical Simulation of Machining Inconel 718 Alloy | D. Umbrello, S. Caruso and G. Rotella | 1287 |

Crack Investigation of the Multilayer TiN/Ti Coatings during the Nanoindentation Test | K. Perzyński and Ł. Madej | 1293 |

Numerical-Experimental Correlation of Distortions Induced by Machining Process on Thin-Walled Nickel Super Alloy Forged Components | A. del Prete, A.A. de Vitis and R. Franchi | 1299 |

Tool Engage Investigation in Nickel Superalloy Turning Operations | A. del Prete, A.A. de Vitis, L. Filice, S. Caruso and D. Umbrello | 1305 |

Cutting Speed-Feed Based Parametric Model for Macro-Geometrical Deviations in the Dry Turning of UNS A92024 Al-Cu Alloys | J.M. Sánchez-Sola, M. Batista, J. Salguero, Á. Gómez and M. Marcos | 1311 |

Machinability Study Using Chip Thickness Ratio on Difficult to Cut Metals by CBN Cutting Tool | S. Thamizhmanii and H. Sulaiman | 1317 |

Performance Evaluation of Cryogenically Treated Worn CBN Insert by Turning Process | S. Thamizhmanii, K. Rajendran, M. Rasool and H. Sulaiman | 1323 |

Using Image Analysis Techniques for Single Evaluation of the Chip Shrinkage Factor in Orthogonal Cutting Process | M. Batista, M. Calamaz, F. Girot, J. Salguero and M. Marcos | 1329 |

White and Dark Layer Analysis Using Response Surface Methodology | G. Ambrogio, S. di Renzo, F. Gagliardi and D. Umbrello | 1335 |

Development of a Calorimeter to Determine the Chip Heat in Drilling of C45EN | B. Denkena, C. Ammermann and D. Niederwestberg | 1341 |

Investigation on Surface Integrity of STAVAX ESR AISI 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel by Cryogenically Treated Steel Balls with Low Plastic Burnishing Tool | S. Thamizhmanii, K. Rajendran, M. Rasool and H. Sulaiman | 1347 |

Influence of Grinding on the Surface Properties of Cemented Carbides | K. Andreas, U. Engel and M. Merklein | 1353 |

Effect of Convex Sheared Punch Geometry on Cutting Force of Ultra-High-Strength Steel | K. Kutuniva, J.A. Karjalainen and K. Mäntyjärvi | 1359 |

Cutting Force Prediction in Drilling of Anisotropic Materials | T. Matsumura, S. Tamura and P. Arrazola | 1365 |

Laser Assisted Cutting of Abrasion Resistant Steel | J. Kantola, K. Mäntyjärvi and J.A. Karjalainen | 1371 |

Design an Apparatus for Obtaining to High Precision Surface of Miniature Parts Based on Magnetized Abrasive Grains Finishing Process | H. Montazerolghaem and E. Soltani | 1377 |

Application of Mechanical Vibration in the Machine Building Technology | P. Sędek and M.S. Węglowski | 1383 |

Integrated Design, Modelling and Reliability Assessment in Forming (I-DMR) |
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Design of Lightweight Composite Structures: A Parameter Free Structural Optimization Approach | M. Fischer, H. Masching, M. Firl and K.U. Bletzinger | 1391 |

A Reliability Study on the Structural Performance Prediction of Reinforced Aluminium Panels with Respect to Variations in Input Parameters of Numerical Simulations | R.M. Ferreira Paulo, F. Teixeira Dias and R.A.F. Valente | 1397 |

Numerical Simulations of Clay Tiles Compression | J. Vignes, F. Schmidt, G. Dusserre, O. de Almeida and J.F. Dalmasso | 1403 |

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PD Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Inf. Hinnerk Hagenah

Institute for Manufacturing Technology

Egerlandstraße 13

D-91058 Erlangen

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